Santa Catarina has an important collection of prehistoric rock inscriptions distributed throughout around 20 locations, mostly along the coast. Urubici, in the Santa Catarina Mountains, also has archaeological records dating back over 4000 years. On the coast, the archaeological sites of Santinho Beach and Campeche Island (Florianópolis), the island of Porto Belo (Costa Verde e Mar), and the prehistoric middens found in Jaguaruna (Encantos do Sul) stand out.
Encantos do Sul
Igrejinha Nossa Senhora dos Navegantes Archeological Museum
Preserves ceremonial objects and everyday utensils of the indigenous groups that inhabited the lands of Içara in the past. Monday to Friday, 8AM to 12PM and 1PM to 6PM.
Av. Florianópolis, s/n, Balneário Rincão.
Phone: (48) 3432-5847 – Casa da Cultura
Shellmound of Lagoa Garopaba do Sul
Among the 30 shellmounds on the coast of Jaguaruna, it is the best to visit. The enormous pre-historic shellmound reaches 30 m in height and occupies an area of 10 hectares. It is supposed that the archeological monument took approximately 10 centuries to be built with the deposit of materials from various indigenous groups. Called “Garopabão”, it is totally fenced off and signposted, with trails for visitation. Archeologists from the Heritage and Archeology Education Research Group (Grupep) of the University of the South of Santa Catarina (Unisul) take groups of students to the location. It is possible to schedule guided visits. The shellmound is located between the Dunas do Sul and Nova Camboriú resorts, next to Garopaba do Sul Lagoon. Grupep.
Av. José Acácio Moreira, 787, Dehon. Phone: (48) 3621-3195.
Open Air Archeological Museum
Inscriptions carved in the rocks between 4 thousand and a thousand years ago. Daily, from 6am to 8pm.
Estrada Vereador Onildo Lemos, 2.505, Santinho. Phone: (48) 3261-1868
Ilha do Campeche
An ecological sanctuary and archeological site, it was listed by the National Historical and Artistic Heritage Institute (IPHAN) for its set of carvings in the rocks dating back 5 thousand years. The boats leave from the beaches of Armação.
Praia da Joaquina, Praia Mole e Praia dos Ingleses
They also have inscriptions carved in the coastal rocks.
Vale do Contestado
Contestado Archeological and Historical Site
Museum, local cemetery and burial site of the monk José Maria (leader of the peasants). Be sure to also check out the site’s natural attractions, such as the Cachoeiro do Contestado (Contestado Waterfall) and the Cerro Agudo. Guided tours. Open Tuesday through Friday, 8am to 12pm and 1:30pm to 4:30pm; Saturdays, 8am to 12pm; Sundays 1pm to 5pm.
BR-153, Km 64, a 4 km do Centro.
Phone: (49) 3432-3200.
Costa Verde e Mar
The collection is varied, including prehistoric artifacts. At the location there is also one of the best and most well-equipped archeological laboratories in the region, as well as an archeological site. Located in the former Engenheiro Vereza Railway Station, in the rural region of Itajaí. Tuesday to Friday, 9 am to 5 pm, Saturday and Sunday, from 2 pm to 6 pm.
Av. Itaipava 3.901, Itaipava.
Phone: (47) 3346-5715.
CAMINHO DOS PRÍNCIPES
Fossil traces of prehistoric origin of the Carijó Indians who inhabited the region, highlighting the shell beds of Rio Saí-Mirim, Rio Braço do Norte, Jaguaruna and Saí-Guaçu.
Parque Ambiental da Caieira (Caieira Environmental Park)
It is where the Sambaqui da Caieira (Caiera Shell Mound), an important trace of prehistorical communities in the region, is located. There are also sandbank and mangrove swamp areas at the edges of the Lagoa do Saguaçu (Saguaçu Lagoon). Visits must be scheduled. Tuesday thru Sunday, from 8am to 6pm.
Rua Waldomiro Rosa, s/n, Adhemar Garcia.
Phone: (47) 3454-9018.
Caminho dos Cânions
Museu Histórico Municipal (Municipal History Museum)
Has preserved the pioneers’ utensils and tools and has archeological artifacts that prove that there were humans present in the region between 400 and 1000 years ago. Open Monday through Friday from 7 am to 7 pm. It is located at the Centro de Educação e Cultura (Educational and Cultural Center).
Praça Capitão Jorge Tramontin, s/n, Centro.
Telephone: (48) 3535-1732.
Morro do Avencal (Avencal Hill)
The indigenous people that lived in the region for at least 4,000 years left interesting archeological records of rock carvings at this site, which is open to visitors. It is located near the Center of Urubici, on the Morro do Avencal. SC-430, Km 28.
Bugres River Cavern
An old Indian shelter, located 11 km from the center of Urubici. Do not forget to bring a flashlight. SC-439, Rio dos Bugres, 11 km from the Center.